What Is A Mole?
A mole or nevus is a dark spot that protrudes from your skin. In simpler words, it is a collection of pigment-producing cells that usually grow on the top layer of your skin. Moles are also referred to as melanocytes and they are responsible for producing melanin. Nevus is generally harmless but in some cases, it can lead to cancer.
Health care experts advise people to get a mole removed in order to avoid any medical complications. But removing a mole will cost you money, unlike any other medical treatment. A mole removal treatment can vary from about $100 to $600 or more. Some studies show us that the average price of a mole removal treatment depends on various factors such as the size of the mole, its location, etc.
Causes Of A Mole
Moles usually grow when the cells in your skin grow in a cluster rather than spreading out throughout the skin. These cells are known as melanocytes. Given below are some of the other causes that might develop a mole.
- Excess production of melanin which is produced by the overactive melanocytes can give rise to a mole.
- Moles can also grow if you are experiencing excessive exposure to sunlight.
- Even overactive sebaceous or oil gland can also lead to the formation of moles.
- In some cases, the moles are present right from the time of birth. It can even develop during puberty and pregnancy.
- Hormonal changes can also lead to mole formation. They are usually yellow and rough.
Mole Removal Cost And Factors
There are various factors that help to determine the cost of mole removal. It is determined on the basis of various factors such as the shape of the mole, size of the mole, etc. A mole that has grown deep down in the layers of the skin will cost you much higher than a raised mole. This is because the removal of deeper moles requires deep incisions and multiple treatments as well.
A treatment for the mole that is present on covered areas such as thigh will not cost you much. But the removal of a mole from highly visible areas such as the face, neck, etc is usually expensive. Also undergoing treatment for a relatively larger mole might cost you more money than a smaller size mole.
Some of the studies show that removal of mole by freezing is the most expensive type of treatment. Laser treatment is the second most expensive treatment. The least expensive treatment is surgical removal of a mole. A mole removal treatment can vary from about $50 to $600 or more.
However, mole removal is usually not included in insurance coverage. Thus in most of the cases, you will have to pay for the entire treatment. But there are some insurance companies that cover some amount of the mole removal cost. If your mole turns out to be cancerous then it is generally likely to be covered by the insurance companies.
Medical Treatments For Mole Removal
While moles are generally harmless but sometimes it may be a source of concern. If you are getting bothered by your moles then you should consider getting it removed. Given below are some of the medical treatments that might help you to remove a mole.
Cutting / Excision:
This is a treatment where local anesthetic is applied to the mole. A small area of the surrounding skin is cut using a scalpel or surgical scissors. As a result, the cells that cause a mole are removed. In some cases, it can leave a small scar on your face. However, the scar fades away with time.
A surgical shave is a short procedure where skin moles are shaved down using a scalpel. The medical professional uses a local anesthetic to numb the area beforehand. Usually, a small pink mark is left after the mole removal.
This treatment is generally used for the moles that that are non-cancerous. It is also used for those moles that haven’t grown in the deeper layers of the skin. In this process, liquid nitrogen is used to treat a mole. This treatment might leave a small blister on the skin but it is a relatively simple procedure as compared to others.
Laser removal is used for those moles that don’t protrude above the surface of the skin. In laser treatment, intense bursts of light radiation are used to break down the mole cells in the skin. Laser treatments are usually used for harder to reach areas such as the face, ears, etc. It might usually take around two to three treatments to remove the mole.
Home Remedies For Mole Removal
If you don’t want to go for medical treatment then you can also get a mole removed by using certain home remedies. Some of these home remedies are listed below.
Apple cider vinegar:
Apple cider vinegar is considered to be one of the best home remedies. The acidity in this vinegar helps to dry up the mole. All you need to do is apply some amount of apple cider vinegar on the infected area using a cotton ball. Wash the area after 5 to 6 hours. Repeat this process until the mole disappears.
This is an ointment that is prepared from the bloodroot herb. It is generally used to get rid of the unwanted skin growths such as moles, freckles, etc. You can get rid of a mole simply by applying some amount of this ointment on the infected area overnight. Repeat this treatment until the mole falls off.
Baking soda and castor oil:
Baking soda helps to dry off the mole while castor oil helps in the healing process. You just need a half teaspoon of baking soda along with 2 to 3 drops of castor oil. Apply this blend on the mole and leave it overnight. The mole will probably disappear within a couple of weeks.
The astringent and antibacterial properties of this essential oil help to dry off the mole by absorbing the excess oil. All you need to do is apply 1 to 2 drops of frankincense essential oil on the infected area. Repeat this process until the mole falls off.
Types Of Moles
Given below is a quick guide that will help you to identify the type of mole. Some of the most common moles are listed below.
- Atypical mole: Atypical mole is also known as dysplastic nevi. They usually have fuzzy or blurry borders and are larger than most of the other moles. Most of the dysplastic nevi are benign.
- Common mole: A common mole is about 5 to 6mm in size and has distinct edges. They also have smooth and dome-like surface along with pigmentation. Common moles rarely turn into skin cancer.
- Congenital mole: Congenital mole are also known as congenital nevi. These moles generally appear at the time of the birth or within the first year of the baby’s life. They are caused by melanocyte cells in the dermis or epidermis.
- Acquired mole: Acquired moles are moles that appear during childhood and adulthood as well. These moles are benign and are usually caused due to repeated exposure of the sun.
- Junctional melanocytic nevi: These moles are caused due to the accumulation of melanocytes where the dermis and the epidermis meet. They are usually slightly raised and have dark pigmentations.
- Intradermal nevi: Intradermal nevi are skin colored moles and their pigmentation is generally not as dark as junctional melanocytic nevi. They usually develop in late childhood.
- Compound nevi: Compound nevi shows both signs of intradermal and junctional nevi. These moles have a central raised area along with flat areas around the edges.
- Halo nevi: These moles generally lose pigmentation due to inflammatory infiltrating cells. Halo nevi are benign and thus they do require any kind of medical treatment unless for cosmetic reasons.
Symptoms Of A Mole
Moles have a tendency to grow anywhere on your body including the armpits, neck, etc. Hormonal changes, pregnancy, etc are some of the most common reasons for the growth of moles. Given below are some of the symptoms that cause a mole.
- Color and texture: Moles are usually skin colored but in some cases, you might develop a brown, black, blue, red or pink mole.
- Size: The mole can either be flat or raised. It is generally less than 6mm is diameters. However, moles that are present at the time of birth are usually much bigger in size.
- Other symptoms: Asymmetrical shape and an irregular border of a skin growth can be considered as signs and symptoms of a mole.
Moles are basically collections of pigment-producing cells. They are also known as melanocytes. A mole removal treatment can vary between $100 to $600 per mole. Generally, mole removal is not included in the insurance coverage. The average price of mole removal is determined on the basis of various factors such as the size of the mole, its location, the shape of the mole, etc.